Permanent Housing is a category of housing interventions considered to be permanent in nature. Permanent Housing includes housing assistance through rental subsidies, unsubsidized housing, and homeownership; the length of assistance may be as short 3 months or entirely open-ended so long as a household continues to meet eligibility.
Rapid Re-housing (RRH)
- Short-term rental subsidy (up to 24 months) designed to help households quickly exit homelessness, return to housing in the community, and not become homeless again. RRH typically combines financial assistance and supportive services to help households access and stabilize in housing. The participating household must be the tenant on a lease (or sublease) for an initial term of at least one year that is renewable and is terminable only for cause. Further, leases (or subleases) must be renewable for a minimum term of one month. This housing type is including the Continuum of Care (CoC)’s Housing Inventory Count.
Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH)
- Long-term rental subsidy (3+ years) designed to provide housing and supportive services to assist homeless households with a disability or families with an adult or child member with a disability to achieve housing stability. The participating household must be the tenant on a lease (or sublease) for an initial term of at least one year that is renewable and is terminable only for cause. Further, leases (or subleases) must be renewable for a minimum term of one month. This housing type is including the Continuum of Care (CoC)’s Housing Inventory Count.
Other Housing Units
Other Permanent Housing (OPH)
- Medium-term rental subsidy (1 – 3 years) designed to help households quickly exit homelessness, return to housing in the community, and not become homeless again. While OPH is longer than Rapid Re-housing, it also typically combines financial assistance and supportive services to help households access and stabilize in housing. The lease for the housing unit is between the landlord and program participant. This housing type is including the Continuum of Care (CoC)’s Housing Inventory Count. In Charlotte-Mecklenburg, OPH exists through an arrangement between the Charlotte Housing Authority (CHA) and several local housing programs. CHA provides a number of time-limited Housing Choice Vouchers to each program in order to administer, according to CHA guidelines
Housing Choice Vouchers (HCV)
- The Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program is the federal government’s major program for assisting very low-income families, the elderly, and the disabled to afford decent, safe, and sanitary housing in the private market. The Charlotte Housing Authority (CHA) is part of the Moving to Work (MTW) Demonstration Program, which allows CHA the flexibility to combine federal funds from public housing operating and modernization programs and HCV program into a “block grant.” Identified below are the multiple ways that the HCV program operates in Charlotte-Mecklenburg: Tenant-based HCV means that the household with a voucher is free to choose any housing that meets the requirements of the program. Rental units must meet minimum standards of health and safety, as determined by the Charlotte Housing Authority. Effective January 1, 2018, CHA implemented a mandatory work requirement. HUD-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program combines HCV rental assistance for homeless Veterans with case management and clinical services provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Family Unification Program (FUP) enables families to rent affordable housing for whom the lack of affordable housing is a primary factor in the separation of children from their families. FUP also enables eligible youth (for a period not to exceed 36 months) between 18 and 24 and who have left foster care, or will leave foster care within 90 days, in accordance with a transition plan described in section 475(5)(H) of the Social Security Act, and is homeless or is at risk of becoming homeless at age 16 or older. Family Self-Sufficiency utilizes rental assistance and public housing funds with public and private resources to provide supportive services, with the goal of achieving economic independence and self-sufficiency. Supportive Housing Partnerships includes local partnerships in which CHA has partnered with housing providers to provide gap financing and housing subsidies. Some supportive housing providers are considered Other Permanent Housing (OPH), which is part of the Continuum of Care’s (CoC) Housing Inventory Count. Criteria for inclusion is if the participating household is considered literally homeless according to the definition set by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Project-Based Vouchers are located within specific properties throughout Charlotte-Mecklenburg. Voucher assistance can be attached to specific housing units if the property owner agrees to either rehabilitate or construct the units, or if the owner agrees to set aside a portion of the units in an existing development. Prospective residents apply directly to the property.
- Public Housing was established to provide quality and safe rental housing opportunities for eligible extremely low-income families, older adults, and persons with disabilities. Households generally pay about 30% of their income for rent and utilities. Public housing is managed and operated by the Charlotte Housing Authority. It comes in all sizes and types, from scattered single family houses to multi-family developments.
Non-subsidized Affordable Rental Housing
- A rental housing unit that does not require a subsidy or other financial assistance to make it affordable. This means that the household does not pay more than 30% of their income on housing related expenses. This definition also includes Naturally Occurring Affordable Housing (NOAH). NOAH units and properties are commonly defined by their physical characteristics and tend to be older and have fewer amenities.
Subsidized Access Affordable Homeownership
- An affordable housing unit combined with down-payment assistance or program participation that enables a household to obtain homeownership. A household may or may not receive ongoing financial assistance to afford their housing.